ANCAP uses 4 internationally recognised crash tests, undertaken by independent specialist laboratories.
In all tests, dummies are used to facilitate the scientific measurement of the various forces in the crash test. The data gathered is then assessed, using internationally recognised protocols, and scores are determined for various parts of the crash test.
Additionally, ANCAP award bonus points for other safety features such as seat belt reminders. The overall score is then translated into a star rating of between 1 to 5, with higher scores awarded more stars.
The frontal offset test simulates colliding with another vehicle of similar mass traveling at the same speed.
40% of the car on the driver's side makes contact with a crushable aluminium barrier at 64km/h.
The vehicle has two adult dummies in the front seat, the rear seat has an 18 month old child dummy and a three year old child dummy, both in appropriate child restraints.
The side impact test simulates two vehicles colliding at 90 degrees.
A 950kg trolley is run into the driver's side of a vehicle at 50 km/h. The trolley has a crushable aluminum face to simulate the front of another vehicle.
The pedestrian impact test simulates accidents in which a pedestrian is hit by an oncoming vehicle. These accidents represent about 15% of fatal crashes in Australia and New Zealand.
The pedestrian impact test is used to estimate head and leg injuries to pedestrians struck by a test vehicle at 40km/h.
The pole test simulates an accident in which a car collides with a fixed object such as a tree or pole.
Curtain airbags are particularly effective in preventing injury in this type of crash.
A car is propelled sideways at 29 km/h into a rigid steel pole, in line with the driver's head. The pole is relatively narrow, resulting in major penetration into the side of the car.
Make safety a high priority when choosing your next car. Look for vehicle with a minimum of 4 stars... it could save your life.
Dummies provide vital clues to what happens in a crash.
Hybrid III (frontal impact) and EuroSID II (side impact) dummies have experienced dozens of crashes first-hand. Their role is vital: the accident simulations rely on having a driver and passenger aboard to provide a full picture of likely injuries in a crash. Hybrid III is designed to gather data from frontal impacts and EuroSID II gathers side-impact data, so the instrumentation in each is very different.
Our guide to Hybrid III explains how data is sourced.