ANCAP safety ratings are published using a rating system of 1 to 5 stars. These star ratings indicate the level of safety a vehicle provides for occupants and pedestrians in the event of a crash, as well as its ability - through technology - to avoid a crash.
ANCAP safety ratings are determined based on a series of internationally recognised, independent crash tests and safety assessments.
In all physical crash tests, dummies are used to measure the forces and likely injuries a driver, passenger or pedestrian may sustain during a crash. Observations are also made on the displacement of dummies during the crash, as well as the structural impact on the vehicle's occupant compartment. Vehicles must achieve minimum scores across all physical crash tests (for each ANCAP safety rating level), as well as meet minimum requirements for the inclusion of safety equipment and technologies.
ANCAP crash tests are conducted on new passenger and light commercial vehicles entering the Australian and New Zealand markets with each model assessed under identical testing standards and conditions. ANCAP safety ratings can be used to compare the relative safety between cars of similar mass.
To achieve the maximum 5 star ANCAP safety rating, a vehicle must perform to the highest level across all crash tests and assessments.
The diagrams below show typical injuries to the driver and passenger for each ANCAP safety rating based on the frontal offset test conducted at 64 km/h.
In interpreting the coloured results on the dummy diagrams for each safety rating level, it is important to note that a red result (poor) on any limb or part of the body indicates that there is a high risk of serious injury or death resulting from that injury alone. Consumers should therefore not assume that an injury to the foot area - for both 1 and 2 star rated vehicles - is necessarily less serious, or less life threatening, than the same crash result in other parts of the body.
To achieve an ANCAP safety rating - of whichever star rating level - a vehicle must achieve minimum scores in each of the physical tests as well as meet minimum requirements for the inclusion of key safety features and SAT which can help prevent, or minimise the impact of, a crash. This table outlines the minimum requirements for each ANCAP safety rating level as they increase.
Additional detail available here.
1. Folksam analysis 2010